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Yurt Hanging Sections: 4 Wall Felt, 1 Door Felt, 1 Dome Crown Felt, 2 Roof Felt, 2 Undecorated Outside Straw Pieces, 2 Inside Straw Decorated With Wool Wall Pieces, Note This Count And Object Titles May Not Be Complete. Will Not Know Final Count And Use Until Complete Cataloguing Is Done

Identifier:
2001.67.18.54-64
Description:
Circumference Felt: Trapezoidal felt for the vertical walls tied down to the trellises with cords. To make these felts, the women need to beat sheep's wool for several hours to entangle the fibers with each other. The felt is sprayed with water, folded and beaten with long sticks. The felts are excellent as insulation for the yurt because they keep a comfortable interior temperature even though there are important gaps in temperature. On finds the yurt structure in Russia in the Republics of Kirghizia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. Wall Hanging: A rectangular wall hanging. Bottom 2/3 made of several sections of felted brown wool. Top border, brown felted wool background with red and gold velvet appliqués. Six inch woven bands attached at both top corners, both are red and brown with geometrical designs. Proper left bottom, 3/4 of it have green canvas attached to it. Wall Hanging: A rectangular wall hanging, Top border: brown with red and yellow velvet appliqués. Lower 2/3, felted brown wool: 10 inch woven multi-colored bands attached to both top corners. Appliqués in sheep horn patterns. Wall Hanging: A rectangular wall hanging. Bottom 2/3 made of several sections of felted brown wool. Top border is brown felted wool background with red and gold velvet appliqués. Six inch woven bands attached at both top corners, both are red and brown with geometrical patterns; one has orange diagonal stitches on ends. Some types of writing in print in the center top of the felted brown wool sections. Wall Hanging: Yarn covered, woven reeds with felt border colored brown. Two tassels, both red and yellow, run length of object. Tassels exhibit 'horn' design. Geometric designs on reeds. Rug/Mat: Part of Kazak's yurt. Reed rug covered in fabric (wool?) and woven together with brown string (wool?). Several diamond patterns in center consisting of the following colors: red, white, green and orange. A woven fabric with a floral design covers the reed ends. Reed Rug/Mat: The label reads 'Paille color #92-1062-2 Yourte (colored reeds-Yurt).' Rectangular mat made of reeds covered in yarn. Both ends of the reeds are covered with a fabric. Orange, red, green and white geometric designs adorn the object. Yurt Sides: Twined reed mat with decorative zigzag twining at top and bottom. Yurt Cover (2001.67.18.64.2): Semi-circular heavy felt. 10 woven straps to attach ranging from 111 inches to 235 inches with one tasseled cord. Arc 101 inches, Circle diameter is 142 inches with 284 inches wide. 36 inch Yurt Cover Square thick felt, undecorated. Horsehair ropes on four corners. Yurt Cover: Includes 12 attached tie-down sashes, one unattached sash and three tasseled cords (unattached) thick brown felt cover sashes colorful hand-woven geometric patterns. Patterns paived, no two of the six pairs are alike.;This material is part of a large collection intended to document the traditional nomadic lifestyles and material culture of 4 tribes: Lapp or Sami, Tuareg, Wodaabe, and Kazak, 'at the turn of the Millenium'. They will enhance the Museum's extensive ethnographic holdings of cultural materials from this part of the world. They will also be used to mount the Public Museum's own temporary version of the original 'Nomads' exhibition. The accompanying video material creates a context for the artifacts, explaining the hardships the nomads face as their traditional ways of life collide with the sedentary people surrounding them.;This material was collected from unknown tribal members in their countries around 1991 and 1992 by Francois Tremblay of the Musee de la Civilisation, Quebec. It was imported to Canada, cataloged, and put on exhibition in 'Nomads'. Some of the material was put into storage until the Musee de la Civilisation no longer wished to pay this expense. It was then offered to any museum that would pay for the shipping. I heard of the opportunity from Michael Stafford, former PMGR intern and current Curator of Anthropology at Cranbrook Institute of Science, and pursued the matter with Francois Tremblay. The original collection and exhibition included a fifth group, the Montagnais (Innu) people of northern Quebec, but this material was transferred instead to a Montagnais museum in Quebec.;Originally all of the world's cultures started out with nomadic lifestyles, first as hunter/gatherers and later joined by seasonal gardeners and herdsmen. At the turn of the Millenium (1999-2001) there are few remaining nomadic groups, as most others have adopted or developed a sedentary lifestyle dependent on agriculture and/or trade.Four such remaining nomadic cultures were documented in 1991-92 for the 'Nomads' exhibition. At that time, the remaining nomadic people were increasingly encroached upon and restricted by sedentary settlers, roads, international political boundaries, and other developments.
Materials:
Felt, Wool, Straw
Dimensions:
1" h 190 | 211 | 200 | 283 | 287 | 318 | 211 | 87 | 159 | 326 | 1278" w ; 104" h ; 106" h ; 75" h ; 75" h ; 68" h ; 104" h ; 87" h ; 57" h ; 65" h ; 1143" h
Current Location Status:
Deaccessioned
Source:
Gift Of Quebec, Canada The Musee De La Civilisation
Maker/Donor
Musee de la Civilisation