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Collection Tier:
Tier 3

Grand River Watershed
Logging ➔ Log End

In the logging industry the log end contains “end marks”. This refers to the markings made at the ends of the logs to determine their ownership. The tool used to create these markings is called the stamp hammer. This way to identify the owner of logs was used in Michigan as early as 1842 to ensure logs went to the correct mill and the correct log owner received the profits. Every log owner had their own authorized marking and it was illegal to either change or destroy this marking. Unmarked logs were considered “prizes” and could be divided among the different owners in a region. This log end is an example of a log that was illegally stolen, had its end sawn off, and was then re-marked with a different stamp.
circa 1870
Current Location Status:
On Exhibit
Gift of Richard Freye

Harrison Park School Grand River Exhibit (2014)
The fifth Grade class at harrison park Elementary created this exhibit for there school after participating int he Immerse program at the museum.  

Investigate: Historic Grand River Artifacts (September 2018)
During the Investigate program, students will take the role of Museum curators and use close observation and critical thinking to discover the origin, meaning, and importance of real objects from the Museum’s Collection. Students will learn how to handle and study primary sources and will be pushed to consider how singular objects or groups of objects can tell meaningful stories about our place.

Student Objectives:
  • Learners will be able to analyze primary sources (artifacts and photographs) and make inferences about the story or significance of the sources.
  • Learners will be able to describe how the Grand River impacted the lives of people who lived in Grand Rapids between 1850 and 1910.

Curriculum Connections:

  • NGSS Science and Engineering Practices: Constructing Explanations; Engaging in Argument from Evidence
  • ELA Common Core Standards by Domain: Research to Build and Present Knowledge; Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas
  • Michigan K-12 Social Studies Standards: H1 The World in Temporal Terms: Historical Habits of Mind, H3 The HIstory of Michigan and the Great Lakes Region, G5 Environment and Society, P1 Reading and Communication, P2 Inquiry Research and Analysis

Virtual History Scavenger Hunt (June 2020)
Use this scavenger hunt to explore artifacts and specimens in the GRPM’s Digital Collections. This scavenger hunt will help you explore key parts of history at several levels - our city, our state, our country, and our world!
Freye, Richard
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